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What is a GIS and How Does It Work in the Geology Industry?

What is a GIS? There is a lot of data that is collected by geologists on a day-to-day basis. This data has to be captured and stored in a database for checking and displaying matters relating to the earth’s surface.

The geographic information system (GIS) plays a crucial role in that it helps organizations as well as individuals to better understand the makeup of geology below and above the surface as well as its history.

Without reliable GIS technology, there is a lot of spatial data infrastructure and geological findings that would be lost to the world. Geologists must acquire the best 3D gis in order to be able to not only capture and store data, but also display it accurately.

How does GIS use information?

Any information that includes location is relevant to the GIS. It can be expressed in the following ways:

  • Latitude and longitude
  • Address

  • ZIP code

A lot of diverse information can be compared and contrasted using GIS. This can include:

  • Data about the people that live in the area of study. This includes population, level of education and income.
  • Landscape – Location of any water bodies like rivers, streams and lakes, the varieties of vegetation as well as the types of soil.
  • Sites of factories, if any, farms, schools, electric power lines and also storm drains.

You can learn a lot about an area by studying the geographical makeup and geological history.

Making comparisons

This mostly has to do with comparing things in a bid to discover how they relate to each other. For instance, using a geographical information system, a simple map could show sites that are prone to pollution possibly due to factories around the area, making the rivers or wetlands around the area toxic. Anyone visiting such an area would be in a position to avoid risky water supplies.

Capturing data

Geographical Information systems applications use both hardware and software systems. These applications include:

  • Cartographic data
  • Digital data
  • Photographic data
  • Data in the spreadsheets

Cartographic data

This data is already in map form and will normally include the location of geographical features like rivers, mountains, hills, valleys and any other such features. It also includes survey information as well as mapping information which can be fed directly into a GIS.

Photographic data

Photography has to do with interpretation, though not in the realm of 1000 words that pictures supposedly speak. In geographical terms, it involves looking at photos taken from above and assessing the features that you see.

Digital data

Computer data that is collected by satellites showing how land is used and also showing the location of farms, forests, towns and geographical features can be entered into a GIS.

Data in the spreadsheets

This is information like population demographics which can include income, age and ethnicity of the people around the area of study. It may also include stuff that people in the area buy as well as internet browsing.

GIS is evidently a tool that the field of geology cannot do without and getting the right of software is crucial, so one expects that the top search in the discipline is something like the best 3D gis so that they can always have the best availed to them.

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