Bone marrow is a soft and porous tissue present inside the bones, such as hip and thigh bones. It contains stem cells that help develop blood cells in the body. The red blood cells carry oxygen through the body while the white blood cells fight infections. The platelets present in the blood help in the case of blood clotting. Any bone marrow disease can occur due to the malfunction of stem cells present inside it.
Hematologists and Oncologists are usually well versed in the technicalities related to bone marrow transplants. This is because the Hematologist deals with conditions and diseases associated with blood, and Oncologists deal with the treatment of cancers. In case of any abnormalities in the working of bone marrow, it is advisable to consult a bone marrow specialist in India.
Why is a bone marrow transplant needed?
Complications in the proper functioning of bone marrow can occur due to many diseases like lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, thalassemia, and aplastic anemia. Leukemia, or blood cancer, hampers the normal functioning of bone marrow, and it starts producing abnormal white blood cells. In the case of aplastic anemia, bone marrow completely stops the production of red blood cells. Myeloproliferative disorders cause the bone marrow to make too many white blood cells. Other diseases like lymphoma, cancer that begins in the white blood cells, can affect the production of blood cells.
In the case of similar diseases that affect the bone marrow, the most effective solution is opting for a bone marrow transplant. For cancer patients, chemotherapy and radiation treatment can permanently damage the bone marrow stem cells. For severe conditions like leukemia, aplastic anemia, and sickle cell anemia, bone marrow transplant can replace the infected bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. It will support the performance of the immune system for fighting infectious cells. It also renders attack on the residual cancer cells that are not killed during the radiation treatment.
How does bone marrow transplantation work?
A Bone marrow transplant should be done under the guidance of a bone marrow specialist in India. A patient must undergo blood tests, chest X-rays, heart tests, PET scans, and a bone marrow biopsy.
The two types of bone marrow transplants include-
- In the case of ALLO transplant or Allogeneic transplant, the diseased bone marrow tissue is replaced with healthy stem cells from a donor. Young donors are preferred the most for a bone marrow transplant since they can produce high-quality blood cells than older donors. A tissue typing test determines the compatibility between the donor’s and recipient’s bone marrow tissue. The donor should also be free from any other diseased conditions.
- An Autologous or AUTO transplant uses healthy stem cells from the patient’s body to replace the unhealthy cells. Once the cells are returned to the body, it will ensure a smooth running of the immune system and stable production of blood cells.
Bone marrow specialists in India
Max Super Specialty Hospital dons the role of the bone marrow specialist in India. They host a board of doctors specialized in bone marrow transplant with a 100% success rate. They are well furnished with the latest technologies and advanced infrastructure in the medical field.